Harmonic Filter Reactors
The increasing use of modern power electronic apparatus (drives, uninterruptible power supplies, etc) produces nonlinear current and thus influences and loads the network with harmonics (line pollution). The power factor correction or capacitance of the power capacitor forms a resonant circuit in conjunction with the feeding transformer. Experience shows that the self-resonant frequency of this circuit is typically between 250 and 500 Hz, i.e. in the region of the 5th and 7th harmonics. Such a resonance although can lead to the following undesirable effects: overloading of capacitors, overloading of transformers and transmission equipment, interference with metering and control systems, computers and electrical gear, resonance elevation, i.e. amplification of harmonics, voltage distortion.These resonance phenomena can be avoided by connecting capacitors in series with filter reactors in the PFC system. These so called “detuned” PFC systems are scaled in a way that the self-resonant frequency is below the lowest line harmonic. The detuned PFC system is purely inductive seen by harmonics above this frequency. For the base line frequency (50 or 60 Hz usually), the detuned system on the other hand acts purely capacitive, thus correcting the reactive power.
- Avoidance of resonance conditions
- Tuned and detuned harmonic filters
- Reduction of harmonic distortion (network clearing)
- Reduction of power losses
- High harmonic loading capability
- Very low losses
- High linearity to avoid choke tilt
- Low noise
- Convenient mounting
- Long expected life time
- Temperature protection (NC contact)
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